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Assignment: Ethics Issue – ethical question and theory of moral reasoning

Ethics Issue – ethical question and theory of moral reasoning

around 4 sentences for the “Ethics Question” and around 4. sentences for the “Case Study”

Ethics Issue:

Martha is the administrative assistant to Valerie, the practice manager in a five-physician practice. Salaries of staff are confidential. Since payroll is handled by an outside company, only the practice manager has knowledge of who makes what salary. Valerie has gone to lunch and left her door open. Several people have been in and out of Valerie’s office dropping off reports or other information. Martha goes in the office to place a report on Valerie’s desk and notices that a budget worksheet, listing all staff salaries, is in clear view. It would be easy to take a quick look, especially since Martha believes she is paid less than other employees with fewer responsibilities. Martha backs out of the office and locks Valerie’s door without looking at the sheet. She thinks to herself, If I should not know what everyone else is being paid, then no one else should either.

Curtis is one of the employees who had left information on Valerie’s desk before Martha closed the door. He also sees the budget sheet, but does not stop to look at it. It did not occur to him to look at it, although it would have been great to know that he was being paid more than other employees. He puts his file down on Valerie’s desk and thinks to himself, I will warn Valerie that she needs to be more careful about what she leaves on her desk for anyone to see.

According to virtue ethics, who is more ethical – Martha, the one tempted to look but doesn’t, or Curtis, who isn’t even tempted to look? Defend your answer.

Case Study:

Susan is a nursing student, arguing with her friend Linda, also a nursing student, over the benefits of getting a flu shot.

“I’m not getting a flu shot this year,” Linda declares. “I paid $14 for one last year, and I still got sick. I had a horrible sinus infection that kept me out of school for days.”

“I remember, but that wasn’t the flu,” Susan argues. “Since we see so many people in the clinic – especially older people with weakened immune systems – don’t you think we, of all people, should be immunized against the flu?”

The argument continues at length, with Linda finally raising her voice and stomping off.

1. In your opinion, is the question of whether or not the nursing students should get a flu vaccine an ethical question? Explain your answer.

2. If you decide that this is an ethical question, which theory of moral reasoning best applies?

***After you send your response, I will send you two other students’ responses and I want you the reply to them.

You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.

Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.

Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.

The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.