Assignment: Chronic Inflammation
Part A: Matt stumbled into Maria’s apartment. It was 4 a.m. and completely dark. Unable to talk, he simply grabbed Maria’s foot to get her attention. She helped Matt onto the bed, slipping a mask over his face to deliver nebulized albuterol.
Asthma is a condition caused by chronic inflammation of the small airways in the lungs. This leads to swelling and increased mucus production within conducting zone passageways. Due to the chronic inflammation, an asthmatic’s airways are already more narrow than the airways of an individual without this disease. Situations that may cause the airways to constrict or spasm are common. Exposure to dry and/or cold air, contact with pollen or other allergens, illnesses such as a cold or the flu, certain medications and foods, or even just stress can cause this bronchoconstriction to occur. This usually does not cause a problem for a non-asthmatic, but for someone with asthma, bronchoconstriction can severely decrease the diameter of the already swollen, mucus-producing airways, making it very difficult to move air into and out of the lungs. The decrease in air flow can range from mild to life-threatening, and may cause a great deal of anxiety for someone actively suffering from an acute asthma exacerbation, or asthma attack.
Following his nebulizer treatment, Matt was breathing a little better and able to talk. He mentioned to Maria that he has been on a long-term asthma preventative – Advair. However, he forgot to take it for a while because he could not find the inhaler.
Describe the anatomy of the respiratory passage ways
What are the three factors involving the airways that lead to an asthma attack?
What is contained within a quick-relief rescue inhaler?
What is nebulized albuterol, and how does it help with an asthma exacerbation?
Part B: Please discuss the following topics.
1. Describe the power of the adaptive immune response to cure disease
2. Explain immunological deficiencies and over-reactions of the immune system
3. Describe the interaction of the immune and lymphatic systems with other body systems
All reports will be worth 4% of your grade and will be 5 points each. In order to successfully earn all 5 points you will need to:
Answer all questions thoroughly and completely.
Use at LEAST 3 references (can include information from the Primal website as a source).
Give credit to all sources used- citing correctly and PARAPHRASING any information taken from an outside source. Please do not copy and paste any information, even if you cite the source. Your report will be submitted through Turnitin and will allow us to see what sources were used and the exact information you took from that source- BE CAREFUL!
Must have a minimum of 500 words and can be in essay form OR question and answer form. (500 words not including the topic/questions given)
You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.
Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.
Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.
The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.